Help on two wheels: GVK EMRI’s First Responder Bike Ambulances

About 1,374 accidents and 400 deaths take place every day on Indian roads, which further translates into 57 accidents and a loss of 17 lives on average every hour in India – the highest rate in the world. An accident occurs every minute while every 4 minutes one person dies from an accident in India. To enable faster provision of first-aid facilities to help enhance the chances of survival for road-traffic accident victims, the concept of the Bike Ambulance was first initiated by the South Indian state of Karnataka in April 2015 through a Public Private Partnership with GVK EMRI.

The Tamil Nadu Goverment followed with the launch of its Bike Ambulances in February 2016.At the time of writing, two more states are planning to initiate their own First Responder Bike Ambulance programmes.

GVK EMRI provides bikes in two states: Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. In Tamil Nadu GVKEMRI operates 71 bike ambulances and in Karnataka state there are 41 ambulances, meaning the total number of ambulances in service is 112.These Bike Ambulances function between 8am and 8pm only. By the end of August 2017 nearly 90,000 emergencies were attended, out of which Chennai city-based Bike Ambulances have Scene Management:


1. First responder reaches the scene and stabilizes the victim with first-aid till the arrival of four-wheeler ambulance.
2. First responder fills out Patient Care Record (PCR)
3. First responder will communicate to EMT in four-wheeler ambulance regarding the condition of the patient and also guide him/her through the route to the incident location when necessary.
4. Patients will be moved to four-wheeler ambulance soon after its arrival.
5. First Responder will share the Emergency case details with the EMT in the four-wheeler ambulance for further prehospital treatment while in transportation.


Features and Benefits -First Responder Bikes (FRBs) are operated by a trained First Responder Technician trained to provide First Aid

➢For city-traffic-congested areas and prompt access to non-motorable locations

➢To provide on-scene first-aid services and to stabilize the victims of road traffic accidents (RTAs) until the arrival of the four-wheeler (4W) ambulance.

➢Reduces the response time for calls (average of 15 minutes from call to scene)

➢First Responder Bikes (FRB) can be deployed to traffic intersections, hot-spots or congested areas where accidents are expected to occur

➢Base locations for the FRB are kept dynamic depending on peak/non-peak hours and can be placed closer to the accident spots (hot-spots). Hot-spots are constantly reviewed for base-to- scene distance & timing.

➢The FRBs undertake various Road Safety awareness activities

➢Features a Public Address System for crowd control.

➢Features a rear-mounted Medicine Box containing a portable oxygen cylinders and backpack to easily carry medicines and equipment to multi-storeyed buildings and emergency sites


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